Scholar L. De Ane Lagerquist observes that there was no universal Lutheran position on the question of slavery. My ethnic group, the Norwegians, lived far away from slave-holding areas. Walther and the Germans were in Missouri a slave-holding region prior to the Civil War.
Both the Norwegians and the Missouri Synod Lutherans were confessional in their approach to theology and they did, according to Lagerquist, have some debates on the subject.
Was slavery a sin and thus an evil? Or was slavery merely an evil and thus not a sin?
I want to buy Lagerquist's book. L. De Ane Lagerquist, The Lutherans, copyright. 1999.